The opposite menace: How the covid lockdown aided counter-insurgency operations

The opposite menace: How the covid lockdown aided counter-insurgency operations

In March 22, as Indians stood on their doorsteps and balconies to bang thalis to precise their gratitude to the nation’s coronavirus warriors, our bodies of 17 Central Reserve Police Pressure personnel have been being recovered from the dense jungles of Chintagufa in Chhattisgarh’s Sukma district.

The worry of the pandemic was so acute that every thing else, together with the lethal Maoist assault, did not be a speaking level. The Bastar Police, which deal with seven districts, together with Sukma, too, needed to shift focus to implement a nationwide lockdown that started three days later. The development of three new police camps needed to be stopped, and counter-insurgency operations needed to be sustained with restricted forces and fewer vigour.

However because the lockdown continued into the subsequent month, the safety forces sensed a possibility. They modified techniques, intensifying their operations and cornering insurgents caught of their hideouts. The pattern was seen in all three battle zones in India — Kashmir Valley, the Northeast, and in Bastar the place the police have to stay additional vigilant between February and June, a lethal interval when the Maoists historically launch premeditated assaults on the forces.

Whereas speaking to ET Journal over the cellphone from Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir’s Director Normal of Police Dilbag Singh describes how a give attention to battling Covid-19 within the preliminary interval of the lockdown shifted to an escalation of counter-insurgency offensive.

“To some extent, the lockdown impacted our counter-insurgency operations for some time. When things got stabilised on Covid-19 in J&K, we shifted our attention to operations. We did pretty well in May, and June so far has been exemplary and a record of sorts in the counter-insurgency operations of the last 10 years. As on June 24, 15 successful operations were carried out and 40 militants were neutralised,” he says, including that the variety of new native recruits of terror outfits has come down drastically in the previous couple of months. In response to South Asia Terrorism Portal, run by Delhi-based Institute for Battle Administration (ICM), as many as 83 militants, together with commanders of Lashkar-e-Taiba and Hizbul Mujahideen, have been killed in J&Okay between April 1 and June 23, as in opposition to 63 in the identical interval final 12 months. Extra safety forces, too, misplaced their lives: 24 as in opposition to 14.

ICM’s government director, Ajai Sahni, says, “The logistics and network of the insurgents across conflict zones got disrupted during the lockdown while the government channels have all been functioning.” In contrast to in a traditional 12 months, he says, this time the initiative to confront has come from the safety forces, be it in Kashmir Valley or in Maoist hotbeds, though that meant extra lives of safety personnel have been misplaced, notably in Kashmir.

We needed to make sure that maoists didn’t make the most of the lockdown

P Sundarraj,IG, Bastar vary, Chhattisgarh

With minor changes, we continued our operations in the course of the lockdown. We needed to make sure that Maoists didn’t make the most of the lockdown. After taking needed precautions, our particular forces comparable to DRG (district reserve guards) and Co-BRA (a commando battalion) continued their operations in opposition to the Maoists.

It was needed as a result of the lockdown interval occurred to coincide with CPI (Maoist)’s annual TCOC interval (February-June, throughout which they launch what they name tactical counter-offensive marketing campaign).

As soon as the Covid-19 pandemic started, we needed to spare a few of our sources for different duties like manning inter-state and inter-district borders.

Establishing three new camps additionally received delayed. In January-February, we, nevertheless, opened 4 camps, that are purposeful. Camps are vital not just for operational functions however for bringing in confidence among the many residents.

The lockdown precipitated a serious disruption in Maoists’ provide chains.

None of them died of starvation as they will need to have extorted primary ration from villagers within the interiors. However as now we have learnt, they did not get medicines, uniforms, footwear, and many others, which they often accumulate earlier than the onset of monsoon yearly. Only some senior Maoists may know what’s Maoism; for the remainder, it’s nearly violence.


Whether or not ULFA’s Paresh Baruah comes for talks or not doesn’t matter

Bhaskar jyoti mahanta, DGP, Assam

A number of days earlier than the lockdown started, we had large success in getting all factions of the Nationwide Democratic Entrance of Bodoland to close store. They gave up insurgency lock, inventory and barrel, and deposited their weapons.

Even then we suspected that there might be some extra weapons hid by some cadres which even their leaders won’t concentrate on. Through the lockdown, we quietly undertook an operation to recuperate these hidden weapons. We succeeded in recovering tons of of grenades, rocket launchers, AK-47s and weapons of varied assortment.

Additionally, in the course of the lockdown, we virtually worn out an underground organisation created by NDFB’s Sambijit in Karbi Anglong. The opposite outfit we virtually completed in the course of the lockdown was the Dimasa Nationwide Liberation Military, which has at all times been mentored by the NSCN (I-M). The cadre of some smaller outfits in Karbi Anglong will quickly give up. Somebody from Tezpur began a brand new militant outfit. We nipped it within the bud.

On ULFA, my method has been, it doesn’t matter whether or not [its leader] Paresh Baruah involves the talks or not. If he comes, it’s okay. I don’t give an excessive amount of significance to his return. ULFA (I) is in a pathetic state now, however it typically makes an attempt to foment sentiments. They lately tried to make the most of the Baghjan fireplace accident by whipping up individuals’s sentiments. However we efficiently stemmed it.


Assam started this 12 months on a very good word, with 1,615 armed cadres belonging to a few factions of the Nationwide Democratic Entrance of Bodoland (NDFB) surrendering on January 31, thereby ending a three-decade-old insurgency.

Later, the police used the height lockdown interval to launch a clandestine operation to recuperate AK-47s and rocket launchers that have been nonetheless mendacity in NDFB’s erstwhile strongholds, aside from concentrating on smaller outfits within the state’s hilly area. “We succeeded in recovering tons of of grenades, rocket launchers, AK-47s and weapons of varied assortment.

Additionally, in the course of the lockdown, we virtually worn out an underground organisation in Karbi Anglong created by NDFB’s Sambijit. The opposite outfit we virtually completed off was the Dimasa Nationwide Liberation Military, which had at all times been mentored by NSCN (I-M),” says Assam DGP Bhaskar Jyoti Mahanta, including that the police additionally stemmed a brand new militant outfit in Tezpur.

The story of Assam insurgency is unlikely to finish until the anti-talks hawk and ULFA (Unbiased) chief Paresh Baruah — believed to be in a hideout on Myanmar-China border — comes on board. There have been experiences that he may be part of talks in the course of the competition of Rongali Bihu. However he didn’t. When requested, DGP Mahanta brushes it apart. “It does not matter whether Paresh Baruah comes for talks or not. If he comes, it’s okay. I don’t give too much importance to his return,” he says.

In contrast to in J&Okay and the Northeast the place militants are identifiable due to their social media interactions, Maoist insurgents are extra elusive. They extort from contractors in addition to the comparatively well-off Gonds, Halbis and different tribals residing within the interiors. They’re skilled to dwell in forests with minimal ration. They don’t use devices, barring a couple of exceptions. This makes the job of the safety forces tougher in central India.

In Bastar, the undisputed capital of Maoist insurgency at the moment, two safety forces misplaced their lives between March 23 and June 23, down from 12 in the identical interval final 12 months, in keeping with police knowledge. Ten insurgents have been additionally killed. However one has to issue within the fall within the change of fires — from 27 to 17.

The Bastar Police suspect the lockdown disrupted the Maoists’ provide chains. P Sundarraj, IG of Bastar Vary, says, “Since the lockdown, none of the Naxals died of hunger as they must have extorted ration from villagers. But, as we have learnt, they failed to get medicines, uniforms, shoes, etc, which they usually collect before monsoon every year.”

This may sound like a optimistic for the state equipment however there isn’t any certainty that insurgents gained’t lengthen their interval of TCOC (tactical counter-offensive marketing campaign), which is often February-June, once they set off large assaults on safety forces. In 2018, as an example, TCOC went on until winter when Chhattisgarh went for meeting polls.

The lockdown has given the state a bonus vis-a-vis militancy, however in counter-insurgency, nothing will be left to likelihood. In any case, India is nowhere close to flattening the insurgency curve.


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